Guinea pig has a very long intestine, since it is there that cellulose breaks down. The length of the duodenum averages 12 cm, the small and ileal 120 cm, the blind 15 cm, and the thick -80 cm. The total length of the intestine is more than 2 meters. Because digestion takes a fairly long period of time. The ingestion of food from the stomach, in which different types of food are layered, into the intestine begins about an hour after eating and can last up to 7 hours.
The passage of food through the entire intestine can last a whole week. This explains the fact that as a result of a change in diet, digestive upset can occur. Therefore, one should not drastically change the composition of the feed without special reason. It is necessary to attach great importance to a balanced diet, since most diseases of pigs arise precisely for this reason. Violation of the intestinal flora necessary for the breakdown of cellulose can lead to the death of the animal. The cause of serious diseases can also be poor-quality feed. You can also Read more here and find out the essential requirements for the guinea pig food choices. However, there are certain issues related to the feeding process that you should be aware of also. Let us find out.
It should be two times a day (morning and evening). The exception is pregnant females and young animals up to 3 months old, they are fed 3-4 times a day. Food should be given in significant quantities, since pigs do not tolerate even short-term starvation.
It is necessary to observe the correct mode and hygiene of feeding. Food should be fed at a strictly defined time, avoiding promiscuous feeding. Feed should be fresh, without mustiness, harmful impurities or odors. Introduce new feeds gradually, in small quantities. Evening feeding should be at least 40% of the daily diet.
What to give
The best food for guinea pigs are wheat bran, balanced grain mixes for guinea pigs, carrots, table beets and good hay. In summer, green grass is very useful freshly cut or slightly wilted.
Bran should be given slightly moist, moistened with water or steamed with boiling water. I add to my guinea pigs in the chop finely chopped parsley, grated carrots, beets or apples. One adult guinea pig (weighing about 1 kg) in summer should be given an average of 0.5 kg of green food (fresh grass), 50 g of grain mix, 60 g of hay per day. It is good to add salt to the bran (if there is no salt stone) and bone meal at the rate of 0.3 g of salt and 0.2 g of bone meal. In winter, green fodder is replaced by root crops up to 100 g per pig per day. In the morning they give juicy and nutritious feeds: carrots, beets, apples, pumpkins, squash (slices), white cabbage (no more than 2 times a week in small quantities), bran 2 times a week, young animals and weakened animals can be 3-4 times in Week. In the evening hay and always a sufficient amount of water. In winter and summer, hay and grain mixtures should be the main food for guinea pigs. These feeds should always be in the cage of the guinea pig in sufficient quantities! In winter, it is very useful to give germinated grain (wheat, oats), as well as dried nettle and other vitamin feeds.
You can feed (except for the above):
- Bulgarian pepper (without peel).
- tree branches (linden, birch, willow, apple tree, mountain ash).
- pears (in small quantities).
- berries (gradually introduced in small quantities).
- dill, parsley (in small amounts to improve digestion, parsley is not suitable for pregnant females!).
- celery (in small quantities).
- tops of beets and carrots.
- cucumbers (only homemade, not from the greenhouse!).
- tomatoes (only homemade in small quantities).
- turnips (in small quantities).
- cauliflower (introduce gradually and little by little).
- crackers (white bread, bran bread).
- young leaves (raspberries, currants, strawberries, strawberries, mint).
- salads leaf, cross salad, rocked salad (in small quantities and only homemade).
What to give nilza
- animal feed.
- red cabbage.
- unripe and overripe fruits and berries.
- food leftovers from a person’s table.
- cereals (rice, buckwheat, millet).
- Hercules (as the only permanent feed).
- watermelons (except home).
- winter cucumbers, tomatoes, salads.
- oak branches.
- citrus fruits.
- green onions.
- tea (instead of drinking).
- a chapel.
- bread rolls.
- moldy, rotten and contaminated feed.
- damp feed.
- aconite. the godson.
- ragweed. laurel.
- belladonna. lily of the valley.
- bleached. forest anemone.
- privet. horsetail.
- hemlock. clematis.
- large celandine. buttercup.
- hawthorn. poppy.
- elderberry. euphorbia.
- bindweed. digitalis.
- wild Cherry. nightshade.
- oak. parsnip.
- liveliness. spelling.
- Ivan da Marya. broom.
- iris. yew.
- horse chestnut. potato skin.
Along with this one should also mention about almost all the indoor plants!
As a result of the fact that in nature, guinea pigs constantly eat fresh grass, in the process of evolution they lost the ability to synthesize vitamin C. But nevertheless, it is simply necessary to obtain it. Therefore, it is very useful to give pigs such products as: seeds, dandelion grass, lettuce, turnips, cabbage, tomatoes, apples. All this is introduced into the diet gradually, starting with a small amount. During pregnancy and lactation, it is very good to add synthetic Vit.C to the drinker (liquid Vit.C for rodents) or to introduce feeds containing this vitamin. To maintain their health, guinea pigs should eat their litter. Young guinea pigs eat their mother’s droppings so that they will have an intestinal flora.